The Chehalis Basin, in western Washington State, is Washington’s second largest river system, home to some of the state’s most important salmon rivers and one of the only major basins without any federally-listed endangered salmon. At the same time, salmon runs within the basin are returning at a fraction of their historical abundances, with fish passage barriers and other habitat loss representing one of many causes for this decline.
The project area included an intermittent fish-bearing tributary to Scatter Creek, a tributary to the Chehalis River, that passed under a small residential road where undersized and over-steep culverts blocks coho, cutthroat, and other native fishes from accessing vital stream and wetland habitat. By interrupting habitat connectivity, even a single barrier can have a disproportionately large impact on the abundance and resiliency of wild fish populations.
Man-made barriers to fish migration have significant impacts on wild fish; limiting distribution, reducing access to spawning and rearing habitats, and disrupting the spatial habitat complexity historically available to fish populations. Whether for resident species that spend their entire lives in one watershed, or migratory species that travel thousands of miles, instream barriers compromise a populations’ ability to weather environmental uncertainties. Evolutionary fitness of the entire population is weakened when barriers restrict gene flow, creating small, isolated sub-groups that can suffer from inbreeding.
The Family Forest Fish Passage Program (FFFPP) assists private forestland owners in removing culverts and other stream crossing structures that prevent ESA listed salmonids from migrating upstream. Through the management of DNR’s Washington State Recreation and Conservation Office some 376 landowners have taken advantage of the program to remove 433 barriers since 2003.
Wild Fish Conservancy (WFC) removed the undersized culverts and installed a 13-foot long, 12-foot wide, 6-foot high precast box culvert to restore the passage of fish, water, sediment, and wood through this stream reach.
Scatter Creek, a tributary to the Chehalis River, Thurston County, western Washington State
The goal of the project was to connect isolated habitat to increase the range and distribution of salmon.
The objective of the project was to increase fish access to areas blocked by human-caused impediments.
Primary Habitats Impacted By Project:
Managing Agency/ Organization:
Riparian Stream Channels
Wild Fish Conservancy
Budget or Project Cost:
Family Forest Fish Passage Grants
Landowner Wayne Bray